In progress

  • 2023 Düsseldorf Königsallee Düsseldorf
  • Yuan Ze University (Building) Taipei
    ...more In 2009, Douglas Tong Hsu, chairman of the Board of Trustees at Yuan Ze University, commissioned Santiago Calatrava to design a significant new building complex for the University campus, located in Taoyuan County, approximately 40 kilometers southwest of Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Gare de Mons Mons
    ...more In a city of heritage, Mons ventures into mobility and contemporary architecture. Calatrava was commissioned to design the new multi-modal station and its surrounding infrastructure after winning the design competition in 2004.
  • Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata Rome
    ...more Calatrava's master plan for the campus — conceived with conscious reference to the Circus Maximus — is designed as a long promenade, bordered along its entire length by a double row of cypresses. The new Sports City at one end and the Rectorate of Tor Vergata University at the other end.
  • Sharq Crossing Doha
    ...more The Sharq Crossing (formerly Doha Bay Crossing) Masterplan has been developed by Santiago Calatrava at the request of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Urban Planning (MMUP) and features a unique combination of an efficient civil engineering solution and a highly iconic design. The Masterplan features a major traffic connection linking the Airport area with the West Bay Financial District and the Cultural City.
    • View over the Bay with Skyline of Doha
  • Chicago Spire Tower Chicago
    ...more Proposed for a prominent 2.2-acre site on North Water Street, adjacent to Lake Shore Drive and near the entrance to Navy Pier, the Chicago Spire Tower will rise to a height of 1458 feet (444 meters) at its roof and approximately 2000 feet (610 meters) at the tip of its spire, making it the tallest building in the United States. Calatrava’s tall and slender design form with glass facade that appears to ripple downward in waves, like the folds of a cloak swirling around a figure is achieved by means of a structural innovation.
  • Dubai Creek Tower Dubai
    ...more Calatrava’s monumental design, chosen out of six proposals from competing firms, is influenced by the natural forms of the lily and evokes the shape of a minaret, a distinctive architectural feature in Islamic culture.
  • Huashan Canal Bridge Wuhan
    ...more Santiago Calatrava LLC has been commissioned by the Hubei United Investment Group to design three landmark road and pedestrian bridges in the rapidly expanding city of Huashan in the People’s Republic of China. Huashan is situated approximately 20 km east of Wuhan in the Hubei province. The recent construction of a canal, which connects two feeder lakes of the Yangtze River, and a new waterside city centre generates the requirement for new bridges over a 0.75 km stretch of the canal. The bridges permits vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle access across the canal.
  • Haus zum Falken Zurich
    ...more Santiago Calatrava has unveiled plans for a pioneering Zurich office building that will include approximately 1,000 underground parking spaces for bicycles, beginning a new chapter of transit-oriented design in the Swiss city. The five-story structure will seamlessly integrate with Stadelhofen Station, the Calatrava-designed transit hub and city landmark, and will increase connectivity throughout the metro area.
  • London Peninsula Place London
    ...more Knight Dragon unveiled a new £1billion landmark, designed by international architect and engineer Santiago Calatrava, at the heart of its transformation of Greenwich Peninsula.
  • O'Hare Global Terminal Chicago
    ...more The O’Hare Global Terminal by Santiago Calatrava redefines the modern terminal with a masterwork of civic architecture. Framed by a glass façade and a dramatic shell-like roof that soars over the forecourt, the building unifies the central terminal area while establishing itself as the singular identity for O’Hare. The vaulted, light-filled terminal hall recalls the grandeur of bygone travel and unifies all activities around a departures and arrivals hall featuring retail outlets within a verdant garden. A grand central space provides visitors with clear visibility and intuitive wayfinding. References to Chicago iconography - the Chicago “Y” which is found on many buildings around the city - help enliven convenient links to adjacent terminals, airport satellites, and an improved public transit interface. A future Vision plan proposed by Calatrava transforms the area opposite the Terminal into a vibrant park-like complex.
  • Polcevera viaduct Genoa
    ...more On August 14, 2018, the Polcevera viaduct, commonly known as the Morandi Bridge, underwent a partial collapse, causing 43 deaths, 15 injuries and displacing more than 600. This cable-stayed bridge served as the major link between the A10 and A7 motorways in Genoa. Following this tragedy, Santiago Calatrava proposed various designs for the replacement bridge and associated 1.10 km road link reconstruction.
  • Traversee du Lac Geneva
    ...more La courbe de l’arche et son reflet daus l’eau est complémentaire à la verticalité du jet d’eau, Elle ne vient pas le concurrencer c’est un dialogue entre les deux formes complémentaires. Les symboles se parlent, l’un est virtuel, fait par l’eau et la lumière, l’autre est réel, fait par l’acier qui relie deux endroits différents.
  • Eglisau Bridge Eglisau
    ...more In 2019, the Canton of Zurich launched an anonymous two-phased design competition which sought proposals for a bypass around the town of Eglisau, including a significant crossing over the River Rhine. The proposal from Architect and Engineer Santiago Calatrava was the chosen as the winner from a shortlist of 12 entries.
  • Grüningen Bridges Grüningen
    ...more The picturesque town of Grüningen has been subject to traffic congestion for many decades. In 2018, a design competition was set up by the local authorities to invite proposals for a bypass, including new crossings over the adjacent valley. Calatrava’s design, comprising a ring road with two new bridges for pedestrian and road traffic respectively, was selected as the winner for its elegant approach to solving the problems of traffic congestion.
  • Bahnhof Stadelhofen Erweiterung Zurich
    ...more 2016 wurde das Büro Calatrava als Urheber des Bahnhof Stadelhofen von der SBB Immobilien angefragt, eine gesamtheitliche Studie für eine potentielle Erweiterung des Bahnhofes sowohl um kommerzielle Flächen als auch die Erweiterung um ein 4tes Gleis zu untersuchen und eine architektonische Einbindung an den bestehenden Bahnhof und dessen unmittelbare Umgebung zu kreieren.

  • 2022 St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church New York
    ...more The original St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church was completely destroyed in the collapse of World Trade Center Tower 2 during the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Following extensive negotiations with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America received permission to build a new St. Nicholas Church at the eastern end of the new Liberty Park above the World Trade Center Vehicle Security Center.
  • 2021 UAE Pavilion at EXPO 2020 Dubai
    ...more Following a seven month design competition with submissions from the world’s leading architecture firms, the National Media Council of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) selected Santiago Calatrava’s proposal for the UAE Pavilion at the Dubai World Expo 2020. The structure, which will sit at the heart of the nearly 500-acre exhibition area and whose design is inspired by a falcon in flight, will be seen by the roughly 25 million visitors and participants who are expected to visit the Expo from October 2020 to April 2021.
  • 2021 Qatar Pavilion at EXPO 2020 Dubai
    ...more Notable for its exceptionally fast-tracked delivery, the Qatar Pavilion at the EXPO 2020 Dubai fuses sculpture and structure to create an architectural beacon for Qatar’s pioneering vision of the future while representing the nation’s culture and heritage.
  • 2021 Margaret McDermott Bridges (IH30) Dallas
    ...more The Trinity River Corridor Project will reintroduce a natural, vibrant recreational area promoting city infrastructure and further unify riverfront districts.The creation of lakes, shores and forest trails will reinvigorate the riverfront area as a whole and encourage district enhancement. These enhancements, coupled with the introduction of the iconic Margaret McDermott Bridges which provide efficient transit crossings for both pedestrians and cyclists, are essential to the strength of the project.
  • 2018 Ponte sul Crati Cosenza
    ...more To accommodate this difficult site, Calatrava suggested a cable-stayed bridge with a single inclined pylon rising above the urban surroundings. The steel main bridge deck itself spans over the river Crati, connecting Via Sant’Antonio dell’Orto/Contrada Gergeri with Via Reggio Calabria. The concrete side span in over passing the two tracks railway.
  • 2016 World Trade Center Transportation Hub New York
    ...more In January 2004, Santiago Calatrava unveiled his design for the World Trade Center Transportation Hub: a new, permanent facility for Lower Manhattan, located immediately to the east of the original World Trade Center Twin Towers.


  • 2015 Museu do Amanhã Rio de Janeiro
    ...more The Museu do Amanhã is located on the Pier Mauá, a highly prominent site in the Port Region of Rio de Janeiro. The Museum and its surrounding gardens form a central part of the Porto Maravilha – Marvellous Port, the largest urban development project in the country and one of the urban revitalization commitments that the city of Rio de Janeiro made during its successful bid for the 2016 Olympic Games.
  • 2014 Florida Polytechnic University (FPU) Lakeland
    ...more The university campus, through its formal arrangement and iconographic imagery, defines an institution that endeavors to give physical representation to man’s highest aspirations.
  • 2014 Innovation, Science and Technology Building Lakeland
    ...more The Innovation, Science and Technology Building, opened in 2014, is the first building for FPU’s new campus in Lakeland, Florida. It's Calatrava's 8th project in the United States.
    • View from the West Side
    • Main Entrance and Hall
  • 2014 Reggio Emilia Stazione Mediopadana Reggio Emilia
    ...more Reggio nell'Emilia, the capital of the Emilia Romagna Province is today a progressive and prosperous city situated on Italy's northern flat plain 'Padana'. In 2002, the City of Reggio Emilia contracted Calatrava to create a new gateway to Reggio Emilia from the north. The program includes a new high-speed train station 'Stazione di Bologna e Reggio Emilia AV Mediopadana', a comprehensive master plan including bridges, a highway toll station and other infrastructure improvements that will facilitate access to the city.
  • 2012 Peace Bridge Calgary
    ...more The Peace Bridge in Calgary, Calatrava's 3rd project in Canada, opened in 2012 and 126 m long, connects the residential community of Sunnyside with the downtown community of Eau Claire.
    • by night
    • Inner Structure, Pathway
    • inner Structure, Center View with People
    • Detail from Construction Frame
    • Calgary Peace Bridge, View from the Side
    • View from below, lower Structure
    • View from the City
    • View from the City, by Night
  • 2012 Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge Dallas
    ...more Located in downtown Dallas, the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge is a major component of the city’s urban revitalization efforts, connecting Dallas’ two riverbanks for easy passage between the downtown area and the rapidly revitalizing neighborhoods of West Dallas.
  • 2011 El Palacio de Exposiciones y Congresos Oviedo
    ...more Located on the northern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Oviedo is a city with a remarkable architectural heritage. This project consists of a conference and exhibition center, two office buildings, a five-star hotel, underground shopping center and parking garage.


  • 2010 The New York City Ballet New York
    ...more To celebrate his first collaboration with the NYC Ballet (NYCB), world renowned architect, Santiago Calatrava will serve as an Honorary Chairman of the company’s Opening Gala on Thursday, April 29th, an event marking the start of the 2010 spring season.
  • 2009 Obelisk Haifa
    ...more Large movable sculpture formed by a central tube of steel covered by a skin of 224 stainless steel bars that can be moved by means of a hydraulic system.
  • 2009 Agora - Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias Valencia
    ...more As Calatrava's immense City of Arts and Sciences has taken shape, it became evident that the complex needs a multi-functional space, capable of accommodating large amount of audience and versatile enough to host various different types of events and activities.
  • 2009 Ciudad de las Artes y de las Ciencias Valencia
    ...more To maintain its city’s cultural standing, the government of Valencia resolved to establish a museum of national importance. The 35-hectare site chosen for this initiative is located in the dry bed of the Turia River, midway between the old city and the coastal district of Nazaret. A challenging architectural ensemble by Calatrava brings new focus to this previously incoherent and underdeveloped area, while linking the center city and the sea.
  • 2009 Obelisco Plaza de Castilla Madrid
    ...more The obelisk is located at Plaza de Castilla, in the north of Madrid, next to the "Puerta de Europa" towers and the new CT Business Area. Large movable sculpture formed by a central tube of steel covered by a skin of 462 bronze bars that can be moved by means of a hydraulic system.
  • 2009 Samuel Beckett Bridge Dublin
    ...more Commissioned by Dublin City Council, the Samuel Beckett Bridge (formerly Macken Street Bridge) is one of the two bridges designed by Calatrava, the other being the James Joyce Bridge completed in 2003. The Samuel Beckett Bridge serves as the continuation of an existing street whilst creating a necessary link in the urban axis between Macken Street/Cardiff Lane and Guild Street. This cable-stayed balanced bridge with two unequal spans provides vehicular traffic and pedestrians access crossing the Liffey River.
  • 2009 Guillemins TGV Railway Station Liège
    ...more The city of Liège is today a major node in the North European high-speed rail network with links to Great Britain, France, Germany and the Netherlands. When the city's existing station had to be replaced due to the increasing demands of the high-speed rail travel, Eurogare (formerly Euro-Liège TGV) issued a request for design proposals from architects all over Europe. With his unparallel experience in this field with projects such as the Lyon-Satolas Air-Rail Link and the Oriente Station in Lisbon, Santiago Calatrava won the commission to design the new Liège-Guillemins station.
  • 2008 Serreria Bridge Valencia
    ...more Situated at the eastern-most edge within the City of Arts and Sciences Complex, the Serreria Bridge's deck is suspended from an inclined curved pylon built on the southern part of the site.
  • 2008 Bridge of Strings (Light Rail Train) Jerusalem
    ...more In 1999, the Municipality of Jerusalem and the Israel Ministries of Transportation and Finance began its plans to construct the Jerusalem Light Rail mass transit system consisting of eight lines. The first line will run 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from Pisgat Zeev to Yad Vashem and includes the Jerusalem's Central Bus Station and the Eastern Gate entrance to Jerusalem. At the request of the City of Jerusalem, Calatrava designed a new bridge in the city's key area near the Central Bus Station to carry the light rail across a densely developed urban area and to resolve the traffic and pedestrian issues, while creating a new landmark for the entrance to the city.
  • 2008 Quarto Ponte sul Canal Grande Venice
    ...more No other city in the world has so many large and small bridges as does Venice. The addition of one more should not cause much of an impression — except that the construction of a new pedestrian bridge over the Grand Canal, only the fourth to be built since the 16th century, is clearly a national and international event. In November 1999, Santiago Calatrava was commissioned to design this new bridge.
  • 2007 Reggio Emilia Ponti Reggio Emilia
    ...more In October, 2007, an ensemble of three bridges designed by Calatrava was inaugurated in Reggio nellà Emilia, near Bologna in Italy. These bridges are the first phase of a larger project, which will includes a new high-speed railway station and other infrastructure improvement program.
  • 2006 Petah-Tikva Footbridge Tel Aviv
    ...more The challenge posed to Calatrava in this project was to connect the two recently constructed facilities, the shopping mall and the residential development with each other and with the Rabin Memorial Hospital at the intersection of Basel Street, while making it possible to incorporate a connection to the new proposed bus stops in the middle lanes of Jabotinsky Road.
  • 2006 Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia (Opera House) Valencia
    ...more Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia is an opera house and cultural centre in Valencia, Spain. Opened in 2005. Designed by Santiago Calatrava.


  • 2005 Turning Torso Malmö
    ...more In 1999, Calatrava was invited to design a mixed-use residential tower for a prominent site in Malmö's Western Harbor area and was planned to be exhibited during the European Housing Expo 2001 (Bo01). The project was envisioned as an important part of the transformation program of Malmö's Western Harbor near the A–resund Bridge connecting to Sweden and Denmark. Given the opportunity to enhance and enlarge a public area defined by the intersection of two main roads, Calatrava conceived his project as a free-standing sculptural element posed within the cityscape.
  • 2004 Katehaki Pedestrian Bridge Athens
    ...more At the request of Athen's Attiko Metro, Calatrava designed a new single-span stayed pedestrian bridge with inclined pylon and exterior counterstays crossing the Mesogion Avenue to connect with the Katehaki subway station in the city of Athens.
  • 2004 Olympic Sports Complex Athens
    ...more The return of the Olympic and Paralympic Games to Greece was received with great excitement around the world, however, there was also great anxiety because the existing facilities was far from adequate and the city lacked experience with constructing such large-scale projects.
  • 2004 Bridges over the Hoofdvaart Haarlemmermeer
    ...more Centered in the town of Hoofddorp in the Netherlands, Haarlemmermeer is an area of rapid economic and urban growth. With the new development program on both sides of the Hoofdvaart Canal, which includes the construction of 17,000 new residential units, the Haarlemmermeer District Council resolved to create access to this new residential area through bridges at main crossings over the canal and acts as the main drainage of what was once the Haarlemmermeer or Harlem Sea.
  • 2004 University of Zurich Law Faculty Zurich
    ...more As part of an effort to centralize the University's Law School's facilities, which were dispersed throughout eight different buildings, the Canton of Zurich and the University commissioned Calatrava to prepare a study for an addition of two storeys to a landmarked building's wings and raise the building structure to its original height and to house its administration offices and classrooms.
  • 2004 Sundial Footbridge Redding
    ...more Located on the Sacramento River in Northern California, Turtle Bay Exploration Park is a 300-acre campus centered on the Turtle Bay Museum, which features interactive exhibits exploring the relationship between humans and the natural world.
  • 2003 Stage Setting Ecuba Rome
  • 2003 James Joyce Bridge Dublin
    ...more The new bridge over the Liffey River is a key element in Dublin Corporation's Historic Area Renewal Project (HARP), intended to improve the flow of pedestrian and vehicular traffic and to encourage urban regeneration in the city's northwest quadrant.
  • 2003 Adan Martin Auditorio de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife
    ...more Situated on the Los Llanos waterfront of Santa Cruz, the capital of Tenerife, between the Marine Park and the edge of the port, the auditorium connects the city to the ocean and creates a significant urban landmark. The all-concrete building is characterized by the dramatic sweep of its roof. Rising off the base like a crashing wave, the roof soars to a height of 58 meters over the main auditorium before curving downward and narrowing to a point. The building’s plinth forms a public plaza covering the site and allows for changes in grade between the different levels of the adjacent roads.
  • 2002 SMU Meadows Museum Wave Sculpture Dallas
    ...more Wave is Calatrava's first large-scale sculpture to be permanently installed in the United States. The sulpture measures 40 feet deep and 90 feet long with 129 equally proportioned bronze bars. These bars are connected to a mechanism that makes it rock sequentially, imparting to it a four-cycle, wavelike motion.
  • 2001 Stage Setting Las Troyanas Valencia
  • 2001 The New York Times Capsule New York
    ...more In 1999, The New York Times Magazine organized an international competition to design a capsule, which would contain objects documenting life on Earth during the 20th Century, and which would be sealed until the year 3000.
  • 2001 Puente de la Mujer Buenos Aires
    ...more Since the beginning of the late eighties, Buenos Aires began to take interest in urban planning development strategies and particularly sought to revitalise the city's run-down port area, the Puerto Madero.
  • 2001 Bodegas Ysios Winery Laguardia
    ...more The Bodegas and Bebidas Group wanted a building that would be an icon for its prestigeous new wine 'la Rioja Alavesa' and at the same time accomodate the precise and rigorous program of spaces needed to brew, store and sell wine.
  • 2001 Milwaukee Art Museum (MAM) Milwaukee
    ...more The Milwaukee Art Museum, which overlooks Lake Michigan, was partially housed in a building designed in 1957 by Eero Saarinen as a war memorial. From the outset, two lower floors were allocated for use as an art gallery. Further exhibition space was created in 1975 by David Kahler’s 160,000 square meter addition — a structure that extends to the water’s edge and effectively creates a plinth on the axis of the Saarinen building.


  • 2000 Pont de l'Europe Orléans
    ...more The consortium of local communities (SIVOM) of the region of Orléans decided in 1996 to organize a competition for the design and execution of a new bridge over the Loire River, linking the communities of Saint-Jean de la Ruelle at the north and Saint-Pryvé Saint-Mesmin at the south. The bridge would ameliorate suburban circulation.
  • 2000 Sondica Airport Bilbao
    ...more Sondica Airport, located 10 km north of Bilbao City, is Calatrava's 19th project in Spain. Opened in 2000, it handles nowadays approximately 4.2 Mio passengers annually (2015).
    • Garden next to Main Hall
    • Entrance Main Hall
    • Rear Top Roof
    • Carway Access to the Main Gates
    • Inside Main Hall, Check-in Desks
    • View from Parking Area
    • Main Hall at Sunset
    • Arrival Area, Taxi Stop
    • Aerial view
    • View from the Runway, Docks
  • 1999 Pfalzkeller Gallery St. Gallen
    ...more On behalf of the City and Canton of St. Gallen, Calatrava undertook the transformation of the historic Neue Pfalz cellars into a site for cultural events, while relocating the canton's emergency services center into a single new building.
  • 1999 Manrique Footbridge Murcia
    ...more The growth and expansion of the city of Murcia have created the need for new connections between the Segura River banks and the city as well as the upgrading of existing bridges. Calatrava was approached to design two closely related bridge projects; a new footbridge across the Segura River and the expansion of an existing hospital bridge located some 300 meters (984 feet) upriver. The hospital bridge project envisions doubling the width of the existing bridge to relieve the traffic bottleneck.
  • 1999 Puente Hospital Murcia
    ...more The growth and expansion of the city of Murcia have created the need for new connections between the Segura River banks and the city as well as the upgrading of existing bridges. Calatrava was approached to design two closely related bridge projects; a new footbridge across the Segura River and the expansion of an existing hospital bridge located some 300 meters (984 feet) upriver. The hospital bridge project envisions doubling the width of the existing bridge to relieve the traffic bottleneck.
  • 1998 Mimico Creek Pedestrian Bridge Toronto
    ...more Mimico Creek Pedestrian Bridge, Calatrava's 2pd project in Canada, opened in 1998 and 44 m long, is part of an extension to the Waterfront Trail along the shores of Lake Ontario. The site is close to Toronto's famous Humber River Arch Bridge.
  • 1998 Oriente Station Lisboa
    ...more Going beyond the competition brief, Calatrava proposed piercing the embankment to establish a link between the previously separated areas of the Olivais District. The existing Avenida Berlin, perpendicular to the embankment, was extended to the river's edge. The new Reciproca Avenida, a matching but slightly oblique avenue, was built on the northern edge to establish an important east-west axis penetrating the Expo site.
  • 1998 Emergency Services Centre St. Gallen
    ...more The concentration of the Canton of St. Gallen's emergency services into a single building demanded relocation into new premises. The new building is set within a green strip between the Klosterhof building and Moosbruggstrasse.
  • 1997 Campo Volantín Footbridge Bilbao
    ...more The Campo Volantin Footbridge provides a strikingly modern pedestrian crossing of the Neruion River estuary, midway between Bilbao's Parque Etxabarria and City Hall and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
  • 1996 Sondica Airport Control Tower Bilbao
    ...more Located approximately 10 kilometers (6 miles) north of the city, with a metro connection planned, the new Sondica Airport terminal is situated across the apron and runways from the original terminal. Within this new facility, there is considerable potential for future expansion.
  • 1996 Oberbaum Bridge Berlin
    ...more Shortly after the reunification of Germany, the Berlin Senate resolved to rebuild the damaged Oberbaum Bridge as one of the key connections between the city's former East and West sectors. The existing bridge, incorporating an overhead viaduct for an electric railway, opened in 1896, connecting Warschauer Strasse to the east with Skalitzer Strasse to the west, and was damaged during World War II, when military commandos blew up the center span.
  • 1996 Kronprinzen Bridge Berlin
    ...more The Kronprinzen Bridge in Berlin was a design submission for an invited competition held in 1991, organized by the Senatsverwaltung für Bau und Wohnungswesen. The original Kronprinzen Bridge over the River Spree was built between 1877 and 1889, based on the Schinkel's Schloss Bridge.
  • 1996 Bohl Bus and Tram Stop St. Gallen
    ...more The shelter for this centrally located bus and tram stop at Bohl was originally commissioned in 1989 by the City of St. Gallen Building Surveyor's Office. The first submission was for a straight-forward roof structure centered on a longitudinal tube, which cantilevered off two inclined concrete supports to carry the ribs of the glass plates.
  • 1996 Buchen Housing Estate Würenlingen
    ...more Commissed by Remer Real Estate, a former subsidary of Portland Cement, the Buchen housing development project was awarded during the manufacturing of the Swissbau Pavilion, when Calatrava was investigating the structural and aesthetic qualities of concrete. The client stipulated that the primary building material should be concrete, and all exterior walls should be molded and prefabricated.


  • 1995 Trinity Footbridge Manchester
    ...more This bridge, a joint project by Phoenix Initiative and the City of Salford, marks the first phase of the development of Chapel Wharf in the former docklands. The Chapel Street area, identified for commercial redevelopment, forms a natural extension to the Manchester Regional Centre.
  • 1995 Remodeling of the Plaza de España Alcoy
    ...more This commission evolved out of the Plaza de España refurbishment project, where the Santa Maria Church at its head and Alcoy Town Hall set distinctively within its continuous, defining facades. Although the plaza is traditionally used for festivals and community events, the Town Hall is lacked of suitable space for assemblies.
  • 1995 Recinto Ferial de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife
    ...more Located on a site previously occupied by an oil refinery, the new exhibition center is a further element of the Tenerife Waterfront Redevelopment Project. This award winning architecture invention is part of a 48,500 square meters complex that has been conceived as a multi-purpose hall to accommodate not only large scale trade fairs and the annual Tenerife Carnival but also smaller events.
  • 1995 Alameda Bridge and Subway Station Valencia
    ...more The Alameda Bridge spans 130 meters (426.4 feet) over the former bed of the diverted Turia River to connect the university district in the north with Valencia's old town off the southern banks, thus providing an all-important pedestrian crossing point for the area. A subway station, aligned on the same longitudinal axis directly below the bridge was constructed at the same time.
  • 1995 Puerto Bridge Ondarroa
    ...more This bridge carries the new road when approaching the Port of Ondarroa, as it passes over Artibay Sound where the sound and port meet. Commissioned by the Municipality of Ajuntement de la Ondarroa, the bridge relives Ondarroa town from heavy harbor traffic and its walkways offers pedestrians new opportunities to enjoy the formerly interrupted waterfront.
  • 1994 Lyon-Saint Exupéry Airport Railway Station Colombier-Saugnieu
    ...more To help boost trade through improved transportation, the Rhone Alps Region and CCIL organized a competition to design a new rail station at Saint-Exupéry Airport in Satolas, serving a rail connection to Lyon. The design brief called for a building that would provide smooth passenger flow while creating an exciting and symbolic 'gateway to the region'.
  • 1993 Shadow Machine New York
    ...more This kinetic sculpture was commissioned by a private client in Switzerland to coincide with The Museum of Modern Art's solo exhibition of Calatrava's work in the autumn of 1992. The idea for the sculpture originated in 1988 as a project for the Swissbau Concrete Pavilion in Basel.
  • 1992 Kuwait Pavilion Sevilla
    ...more This design was a response to a commission from a nation that had become the center of international events, but on the other hand possessed a culture that was little known. Accordingly, the pavilion had to make a singular gesture, which not only would represent Kuwait but also would serve as an international symbol. The two-story structure is a raised, covered piazza defined by two curvilinear end walls.
  • 1992 Montjuic Communications Tower Barcelona
    ...more The Montjuic Communications Tower rises to a height of 136 meters, dominates the main group of sports facilities on the slopes of the Montjuic in Barcelona, the site of the 1992 Summer Olympic Games.
  • 1992 Alamillo Bridge & Cartuja Viaduct Sevilla
    ...more The Expo '92 World Fair provided the authorities of Seville with an opportunity to improve the infrastructure of the city and its surrounding areas in the Province of Andalusia. This initiative included the provision of better road connections to neighboring towns, a ring road for Seville, and eight new bridges over the Guadalquivir river.
  • 1992 BCE Place: Galleria & Heritage Square Toronto
    ...more Calatrava's intervention in the heart of Toronto covers Heritage Square with a soaring roof and creates a block-long arcade, connecting various buildings and streets. It gives form and meaning to spaces that otherwise would have become isolated by a general lack of co-ordination. Unlike the traditional glazed and vaulted arcades of 19th century Europe, with their purpose-built interior facades, this gallery has been conceived as a free-standing element between existing buildings.
  • 1991 La Devesa Footbridge Ripoll
    ...more Commissioned by the Ajuntament de la Comtal Vila de Ripoll, north of Barcelona in the Pyrenees, Le Devesa Footbridge was designed in 1989 and realized between August 1990 and July 1991. This pedestrian bridge, accommodating a height difference of 5 meters (16.4 feet), spans the Ter near the center of Ripoll and connects the area of La Devesa with the railway station.
  • 1991 Lusitania Bridge Mérida
    ...more The Council of Extremadura decided in 1988 to commission the Lusitania Bridge to accommodate a sharp increase in regional traffic, which followed the promotion of Merida to the capital of Extremadura. The bridge connects the old town of Merida in western, central Spain to the newly developed area of Poligono on the northern side of the River Guadiana.


  • 1990 Stadelhofen Station Zurich
    ...more The Swiss Federal Railways commissioned the expansion and redefinition of an existing railway station in the heart of Zurich on Stadelhofen Square with a program calling for the accommodation of a third track and the creation of a commercial arcade. Calatrava's design encompasses not only the passenger platform and commercial arcade, but a canopied promenade, three contrasting bridges, stairs, elevators as well as the support of the power cables.
  • 1989 Lucerne Station Hall Luzern
    ...more Stier and reworked by Hans Auer, was destroyed by fire in 1971. The competition for the new complex, organized by Swiss Federal Railways, was won by Amman and Bauman in 1975. In 1983, the Swiss Federal Railways commissioned Calatrava to produce a design for the entrance hall and portico of the new station.
  • 1988 9 de Octubre Bridge Valencia
    ...more Commissioned by the Government of Valencia in 1986 and built between May 1987 and May 1989, the 9 de Octubre Bridge provides a major vehicular link to the main Madrid road, relieving the areas of la Caldera and Olivereta from traffic.
  • 1988 Wohlen High School, Roofs and Hall Wohlen
    ...more This early project was commissioned by Burkhard, Meyer & Steiger, the architects who had won the local competition to build the new and expanded Wohlen High School for the Canton of Aargau Building Surveyor's Office. The complex was still in the development phase when the architects engaged Santiago Calatrava to submit proposals for the roofing of four key spaces. These spaces have a public character and, as nodes within an overall network, combine to determine the overall atmosphere for the interior of this new brick complex.
  • 1987 Tabourettli Theatre Basel
    ...more Located in the center of the old town, the 'Spalenhof' is one of Basel's most important buildings. Dating from the 13th century, it was converted into a merchant's home in the 15th and 16th centuries and was sold to the city in 1956.
  • 1987 Bach de Roda - Felipe II Bridge Barcelona
    ...more Barcelona's planning authority commissioned the Bach de Roda Bridge to connect the area of Sant Andrea in the north to San Marti in the south, on the fringes of the Plan Cerdá. This initiative, which was part of a scheme to revitalize two impoverished areas of the city, also included the construction of a new railway station close by.
  • 1986 Music School Concert Room St. Gallen


  • 1985 Ernstings Warehouse Coesfeld
    ...more Ernstings Mini Laden is a casual wear retailer with headquarters in the north of Germany. For its new distribution center — constructed immediately next to its original building, in a rural area on the outskirts of Coesfeld — Ernstings solicited proposals for a suitable architectonic device, which would go beyond mere functionality to provide the company with an enhanced, representative image within the textile sector.
  • 1985 PTT Postal Centre Canopy Luzern
    ...more For one of his earliest commissions, Calatrava was asked to create a protruding roof for this post office building, designed by the Lucerne architects Amman and Bauman and situated adjacent to the Lucerne Railway Station, opposite the Cultural and Congress Center. The steel structure, which should be seen as a sculptural addition to the facade, comprises two parts.
  • 1983 Baumwollhof Balcony Zurich
    ...more The Baumwollhof Balcony was Calatrava's 1st project. The Baumwollhof, originally build in 1643, was renovated and integrated into the new Stadelhofen Station Area in the early 1980's.
    • View from the Main Entrance Stadelhoferstrasse 26